Diocletian and the Roman Recovery , by Stephen Williams Constantine , by Nancy Zinsser Walworth A biography for kids. Constantine and the Conversion of Europe , by A.
Jones , reprinted Still the best account of how Constantine came to convert to Christianity, and of his relationship with the Church throughout his reign. Kousoulas 2nd edition A biography of Constantine. Julian the Apostate , by G. Bowersock A great biography, and lively reading too! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
Constantine — Roman emperor — Later Roman Empire. The Roman Emperor Maxentius. The Milvian Bridge in Rome.
Constantine and the Christian Empire (Roman Imperial Biographies)
Cite this page: Carr, K. October 7, About the Author: Karen Carr. In doing this, however, Constantine required those who had not converted to Christianity to pay for the new city. Constantine respected cultivated persons, and his court was composed of older, respected, and honored men. Men from leading Roman families who declined to convert to Christianity were denied positions of power yet still received appointments; even up to the end of his life, two-thirds of his top government were non-Christian. Constantine's laws enforced and reflected his Christian attitudes.
On that day markets were banned and public offices were closed,  except for the purpose of freeing slaves. Some laws made during his reign were even humane in the modern sense, possibly inspired by his Christianity:  a prisoner was no longer to be kept in total darkness but must be given the outdoors and daylight; a condemned man was allowed to die in the arena, but he could not be branded on his "heavenly beautified" face, since God was supposed to have made man in his image, but only on the feet.
Athanasius Apol. Little else is known. It has been speculated that this may have provided motivation for canon lists , and that Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus are examples of these Bibles. The reign of Constantine established a precedent for the position of the Christian emperor in the Church. Emperors considered themselves responsible to the gods for the spiritual health of their subjects, and after Constantine they had a duty to help the Church define orthodoxy and maintain orthodoxy.
Constantine had become a worshiper of the Christian God, but he found that there were many opinions on that worship and indeed on who and what that God was. In , Constantine was asked to adjudicate in a North African dispute of the Donatist sect who began by refusing obedience to any bishops who had yielded in any way to persecution, later regarding all bishops but their own sect as utterly contaminated. More significantly, in he summoned the First Council of Nicaea , effectively the first Ecumenical Council unless the Council of Jerusalem is so classified.
Until Nicaea, all previous Church Councils had been local or regional synods affecting only portions of the Church. Nicaea dealt primarily with the Arian controversy. Constantine himself was torn between the Arian and Trinitarian camps. After the Nicene council, and against its conclusions, he eventually recalled Arius from exile and banished Athanasius of Alexandria to Trier. Just before his death in May , Constantine was baptised into Christianity. Up until this time he had been a catechumen for most of his adult life.
He believed that if he waited to get baptized on his death bed he was in less danger of polluting his soul with sin and not getting to heaven.
He was baptized by his distant relative Arian Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia. During Eusebius of Nicomedia's time in the Imperial court, the Eastern court and the major positions in the Eastern Church were held by Arians or Arian sympathizers. Constantine's position on the religions traditionally practiced in Rome evolved during his reign. In fact, his coinage and other official motifs, until , had affiliated him with the pagan cult of Sol Invictus. At first, Constantine encouraged the construction of new temples  and tolerated traditional sacrifices ;  by the end of his reign, he had begun to order the pillaging and tearing down of Roman temples.
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Beyond the limes , east of the Euphrates , the Sasanian rulers of the Persian Empire , perennially at war with Rome , had usually tolerated Christianity. Constantine is said to have written to Shapur II in and urged him to protect Christians under his rule. According to an anonymous Christian account, Shapur II wrote to his generals:  .
You will arrest Simon, chief of the Christians. You will keep him until he signs this document and consents to collect for us a double tax and double tribute from the Christians … for we Gods  have all the trials of war and they have nothing but repose and pleasure.
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They inhabit our territory and agree with Caesar, our enemy. Constantinian shift is a term used by some theologians and historians of antiquity to describe the political and theological aspects and outcomes of the 4th-century process of Constantine's integration of the Imperial government with the Church that began with the First Council of Nicaea. The claim that there ever was Constantinian shift has been disputed; Peter Leithart argues that there was a "brief, ambiguous 'Constantinian moment' in the fourth century," but that there was "no permanent, epochal 'Constantinian shift'.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Constantine and Christianity. Main article: Early Christianity. See also: State church of the Roman Empire. Main article: Fifty Bibles of Constantine. Main article: Constantine I's turn against Paganism. See also: Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism. The Story of Christianity. Harper Collins. Catholic Encyclopedia.
Retrieved The Story of the Roman Amphitheatre. New York: Routledge, Making of Empire. Constantine was not a young convert. He was over 40 and an experienced politician when he finally declared himself a Christian.
Constantine and the Christian Empire by Charles Matson Odahl
He had had time to take the measure of the new religion and the difficulties which emperors had experienced in suppressing it. He decided that Christianity was a religion fit for a new empire. Gerberding and J.
rikonn.biz/wp-content/2019-11-25/tasto-power-iphone-7.php Curran, Pagan City and Christian Capital.